Mid-autumn Festival in Singapore
Mid-autumn festival or Zhong Qiu Jie (Mid-Autumn Festival) — this is a traditional Chinese holiday calendar cycle celebrated in Singapore on a full moon falling on the fifteenth day of the eighth month on the lunar calendar. The holiday is to admire a full moon — a symbol of femininity and fertility, therefore, on this day the streets are processions with paper lanterns, and the family meal is served with «moon cakes».
In the days of the mid-autumn Festival the streets are illuminated
The origin of the mid-autumn Festival has ancient roots, it has been noted in South-East Asia (China and Vietnam) several thousand years ago, when the autumnal full moon people thanked the gods for the harvest. In this day of the moon, considered to be “very bright and round of the year”, so prayers go to the moon has acquired a special popularity. The moon in Chinese mythology is a symbol of the feminine, and its completeness — it is a symbol of fertility.
Mythical justification of the festival is connected with the names of Chinese Archer Howie and his wife Chang’e. One day, the firmament at the same time came out ten sun crows that resulted in a huge fire. The Emperor of China asked Howie to shoot down the nine extra stars. He managed and was rewarded with the elixir of life. This drink is found and Chang’e drank it, after which it began to rise into the air and flew to the moon. Himself Howie after his death ascended to the sun. Once a year, on the fifteenth day of the eighth lunar month, Howie and meet Chang’e, the moon this day is especially beautiful.
Mid-autumn festival is celebrated very bright and colorful, because of its importance, it is second only to the Chinese New year. marking the mid-year cycle. After sunset neighborhoods are lit up with all sorts of lanterns and glowing figures in the streets of the procession with brightly burning torches. And in honor of the lunar inhabitant Chang’e burned incense. And at a family tea party, organized in the garden under the light of paper lanterns, serving traditional treats — «moon cakes» ( mooncakes ), Chinese pastries with different fillings, which are necessarily distributed to all members of the family, symbolizing its unity.
In the XIV century with the help of moon cakes have managed to raise a rebellion against the Mongol yuan dynasty. To agree a plan of the speech, Liu Fuchun, an activist of the Society of the White Lotus, had baked a large number of moon cakes, and asked permission to distribute them among the Chinese in honor of the mid-autumn festival. Each carrot was a note with the date of the uprising. As a result, the authorities in China, the Ming dynasty came.
To truly appreciate the festive mood, you need to celebrate the festival in Chinatown. on the streets which at that time put a giant paper lanterns — real works of art, are played nightly performances of traditional Chinese theatre, and held parades, and all the street stalls selling moon cakes with classic toppings (fruit, vegetables or nuts) and unusual (e.g., ice cream or chocolate). In addition to gingerbread in the form of the moon spread out cookies shaped like pigs, it’s made from the same dough — it was originally the result of a test the oven temperature before baking, but it soon became very popular as a separate standalone treat.
Another popular place to celebrate the mid-autumn Festival in Singapore — this is the Chinese garden .